What Is the Treatment for Hemorrhoids?
Early grade hemorrhoids. Most hemorrhoids are considered mild, and symptoms are often relieved by a few changes in diet and lifestyle. One goal of treatment is to ensure that stool should is soft and easily passed. Increasing fiber in the diet will help stool to be more easily passed without straining. Drinking more water will help to prevent constipation and hard, difficult to pass stools.
Keeping the anal area clean is also important to recovery. Sitz baths (sitting in warm water) relieves symptoms and can be taken either in the bathtub or with a store-bought plastic seat that fits over the toilet bowl. Over-the-counter wipes for hemorrhoids that contain witch hazel, which is a natural astringent, may also be helpful.
Creams, gels, and suppositories that are also sold over-the-counter may help reduce swelling and provide relief from symptoms. A diagnosing physician may provide a prescription for stronger medications to relieve symptoms.
With proper treatment, hemorrhoids may start to improve over a few days to a week. In four to six weeks, the “lump” from an external hemorrhoid should decrease in size.
Severe grade hemorrhoids. When hemorrhoids become persistent or very painful, other treatments may be necessary.
Clot removal. This procedure used on clotted external hemorrhoids is minor surgery that is usually done under local anesthetic in a physician’s office. A small incision is made and the clot is lifted out.